專家系列講座--如何進行公共演講
作者:外交學院國際教育合作項目 時間:04月09日

  2019年2月27日,外交學院王燕教授為IPP學生帶來了一場精彩的講座,講座主題是關于公共演講。公共演講在國外日常學習中是不可或缺的一項技能,同學們聽過之后都表示獲益匪淺。下面就通過IPP同學的感悟來領略專家講座的魅力吧!

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  Today,I am honored to be given the opportunity to be involved in Professor Yan WANG’s lecture for public speaking.Her brilliant speech actually inspired my English learning with some aspects I attached with little significance.

  I formerly hold the believe that the quality of public speaking is only concerned with the speaker himself.However,Professor WANG put forward that a good oration is contingent on both the speaker and audience,which indicates that eye contact or gestures would be effective in conveying the message you are going to express.

  Public speaking is also a process of communication.Speakers should frequently obtain feedback from the listeners and respond to their questions with conciseness as well as effectiveness.

  For myself,orienting a topic has always been an obstacle while composing a passage for speeches,which means that I often lose direction in the very initial stage of writing.Professor WANG’s method seems to be helpful.The first solution is to choose the topic you know a lot and then narrow it down.The second approach is to choose the topic you have little acquaintance with hoping for further investigation.Whatever I choose,I have to ensure that my terminal topic is manageable enough.

  A fundamental framework is equally important for a laconic but rich content.An interesting introduction is an useful tool to catch the audience’s attention,which is vital to form a good atmosphere during the whole process of speech.For audience,listening to a speech is quite different from reading an article.For the reason that they are not able to review the formerly read paragraph.Therefore,it is of great necessity for the speaker to have a brief but comprehensive summary to the section.What’s more,while giving the speech,speakers are to constantly adjust the speed and rhythm that suit best for a listener without a pen to record.

  Despite of the importance of an intricate framework and a brilliant introduction paragraph,the substance of the article is what really matters.We speakers should put forward approachable examples instead of professional concepts and we should utilize some verbal techniques to form the echo with the audiences.

  Overall,I feel awesome for Professor Yan WANG’s speech for Public Speaking,which would generate profound impact on my future study in English as well as other languages.

  ——陳鐘涵

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  王燕教授的講座根據公眾演講的流程就演講技巧及流程展開了詳細的講解。首先是公眾演講的稿子寫作,以生動形象的例子具體說明了要抱著說服聽眾的目的,選取自己熟悉或想了解的話題,以一定的框架結構進行論述。每一個論點都需要實例支撐以防止演講枯燥無味。其次是演講的現場表現方面,最主要的就是從容。王教授講了她的學生張璐在很多重要場合作翻譯時的真實事例,闡明了鎮定自若,以一定的節奏,恰當的音量,合適的情緒進行演講的重要性。這次的講座給完全不了解演講程序及技巧的我們一個很好的機會,全面系統的學習從選題到結束演講中所有的細節和一些小的技巧,例如:話題不要太高端,每段后面都要有總結,態度要樸實,最真實的東西最能打動人心等等,讓我們受益匪淺。

  除了公眾演講之外,王教授還講了一些有趣的故事,表明了翻譯如果一個一個詞的翻譯會出現一些不地道的表達,甚至鬧出很多笑話,失之毫厘差之千里。這些例子來自于王教授的親身經歷,或是關于奧運會的申報,或是某個成材的學生。單單是這些例子就讓我們看到了許多不同的場面人生,增長了見識。

  通過這次講座,我們對公眾演講有了更為深入的認識,也聽了許多有意思的故事,讓我們的在校學習內容不僅僅局限于課本或課堂,更從教授的講座中獲得某種特定的技能或對人生有更加深刻的思考。

  公開演講對我來說一直都是自己很害怕的方面,今天王燕教授的講座讓我受益匪淺。

  ——周游

  公開演講不單單是只取決于演講者,其實演講也是一種交流,需要吸引聽眾,關注聽眾,說服聽眾與聽眾產生共鳴。演講的時候不一定要用很復雜很高級的詞匯,但一定要讓聽眾感受到你的真誠。有的時候眼神和肢體的傳遞也是更加有效的。演講內容一定是要有主題的,而且內容需要有結構,而理論更需要論據支撐,可論據最好是比較貼近生活的東西,這樣也可以吸引聽眾。

  一篇好的演講稿可以獲得喝彩,可演講者在臺上的姿態和臺風也很重要。從表達上來說,要保持自然的狀態,自信、從容的表達。說一個句子或一段話不要先想好中文然后對照翻譯,這樣容易出現不地道的英語表達。還有一點,一定要做自己。任何的一個演講主題都沒有準確的答案,我們應該允許各種思想的共同存在,只要能夠說服自己說服聽眾的那就是對的,一定要堅持自己。

  ——羅玉琪

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